AuthorLastName, F. M., Author2LastName, F. M., & Author3LastName, F. M. (YYYY, Month). Title of work: Subtitle of work. Journal Name,
VolumeNumber(IssueNumber), pages. DOI/URL/Database.
Example Citation for Articles in Journals, Newspapers, Magazines, etc.
Tolinski, B. (2008). The Woodshed Holiday 2008: Heavier Than Hell. Guitar World 29(13) 26.
Example Citation for Book Reviews
Lamb, A. (1978, December). Omnivorous Pop. [Review of the book All the Years of American Popular Music, by D. Ewen].
The Musical Times 119(1630), 1049. doi:10.2307/960723.
Example Citation for Letters to the Editor
Scorsese, M. (2019, November). I Said Marvel Movies Aren’t Cinema. Let Me Explain. [Letter to the editor]. New York
Example Citation for Books
Huber, D.M. (2018). Modern recording techniques. New York: Routledge.
Example Citation for Scores
Evanescence. (2003). Fallen.
Example Citation for Books with Editors instead of an Author
Kelsey, J. (Ed.). (2014). American woodworker's hand tool fundamentals: Advice, techniques & projects to build your skills. Cincinnati, OH: Popular
Example Citation for an Essay within a Book
Whiteside, A. (1969). Practicing the Performance. In Prostakoff, J. & Rosoff S. (Eds.), Mastering the Chopin etudes and other
essays. New York: C. Scribner's Sons. 15-30.
Example Citation for Multi-Volume Books
Vance, G. (2000). Progressive repertoire for the double bass (Vols. 1-2). New York: C. Fischer.
Example Citation for Books in Translation
Clemencic, R. (1973). Old Musical Instruments (D. Hermges, Trans.). London: Octopus Books. (Original work published in
Example Citation for Books in Editions After the First
Brabec, J. & Brabec, T. (2002) Music, money and success: The insider's guide to making money in the music industry (3rd
ed.). New York: Schirmer Trade Books.
Example Citation for a Website
Burgess, C. (2019) References. Retrieved from library.mi.edu/citations/apa/references.
Example Citation for Social Media
Musicians Institute Library. [@mi_library]. (2019, April 18). Don't miss out on our #AcousticThursdays today starting at 7pm!
[Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/mi_library/status/1118936558898307072?s=21.
Example Citation for eBooks
Simon, C. (2015). Boys in the trees: A memoir. Retrieved from https://mi.overdrive.com/media/2301439?cid=13283.
Example Citations for Physical Media
Movies or Videos
Holmes, P., Ali, K., & Lazin, L. (2003). Tupac: A resurrection [Motion Picture]. U.S.A.: Paramount Pictures.
Felder, D., Henley D., & Frey, G. (1977). Hotel California [Recorded by the Eagles]. On Hotel California [CD]. New York: Asylum.
Example Citation for Streaming Media
Sofialovestuna. (2017, January 4). Cat puts herself to sleep in tiny human bed [Video file].
Retrieved from https://youtu.be/psGDf2VrvK8.
Example Citation for Personal Communication
Personal communications are not required references in your reference list. You can list it as an in-text citation (see the page for in-text citations for more information).
Purdue University Online Writing Lab. (n.d.). APA style introduction. Retrieved
Indian River State College Libraries. (2019, March 25). APA style guide: Social media. Retrieved